Roses In Alphabetical Order ‘R’

‘Radiance’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1908)For those hybrid tea admirers who are searching for hardier roses within this class, often the older, less inbred cultivars are the best choices. ‘Radiance’ is a case in point. Dating back to the turn of the century, you will find this rose flourishing in abandoned or neglected gardens and old cemetery plantings, even in the Southeast. Once it has its roots established well, this rose tolerates both poor and dry soils, and it will still furnish a generous crop of large, double, soft pink flowers. These have an old-fashioned look that make ‘Radiance’ a good choice for people restoring older gardens. A well-formed shrub, this rose also offers an old-fashioned damask rose perfume.
‘Rainbow’s End’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1984)’Rainbow’s End’ rose produces 1 1/2- inch double flowers that are deep yellow with red petal edges. As the blooms age, they turn completely red. The flowers have the classic hybrid tea form and are nearly scentless. Leaves are small, dark, and glossy.
This miniature rose is upright and well branched, making it an excellent choice for edging a bed or walkway. This rose can also be incorporated into perennial borders and makes a fine container specimen, indoors or outside. Plants are hardy and disease resistant.
‘Ralph’s Creeper’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1987)Single, bright red 2-inch flowers have a white to yellow eye and a cluster of prominent golden stamens. They bloom repeatedly all summer. Best used as a ground cover, this plant grows 1 1/2 feet high and spreads to 6 feet or more. The foliage is small and glossy and the fragrance is that of apple blossoms.
‘Razzmatazz’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1981)High-centered, 1- to 1 1/2-inch blooms of smoky orange-red to coral have 25 to 30 petals and appear in sprays above semi-glossy foliage on 18- to 24-inch plants.
‘Red Flush’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1978)Oval buds open into cupped, very double flowers in light to medium red; blooms are 1 1/2 inches across with 50 to 55 petals. Dull green, disease-resistant foliage covers the compact, 16- to 20-inch plant.
‘Red Cascade’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1976)To class a 15 ft (4.5m) rose as a miniature seems ridiculous, but ‘Red Cascade’ is diminutive in everything but the length of its canes. The leaves are small, leathery, and dark green, and the flowers, which measure just an inch (2.5cm) across, are a dark, rich red. This rose is outstandingly vigorous: fast-growing and in bloom virtually all season, this rose thrives even in less than ideal circumstances. It’s equally effective as a cascading shrub or climbing a pillar or fence.
‘Red Fountain’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1975)Arching canes are filled with clusters of velvety dark red, very fragrant, ruffled and cupped 3-inch blooms with 20 to 25 petals that bloom all season. Plants are strong and vigorous, growing 12- to 14- feet high, making this a good pillar or trellis rose. Foliage is dark green and leathery
‘Red-leafed Rose’ (Species, Introduced – prior to 1830)Blooming in late spring, Rosa glauca produces single, 1 1/2 in ( 4cm ), clear pink flowers with white eyes. Though not long-lasting, they produce attractive oval red hips that show up well against the colorful foliage, which is copper to purplish in sunny sites, silvery green in shade. The foliage color, enhanced by the purple hue of the young canes, makes this rose an unusual and eye-catching addition to a mixed border. Tough and hardy, this nearly thorn-less shrub performs particularly well in cold-climate gardens.
‘Red Lion’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1964)The high-centered 5-inch flowers are bright cherry red and have excellent substance. As the flower’s 35 to 40 petals open, they turn back into a quill form that gives the plant a starry outline. Plants grow 5 to 6 feet tall and have over sized, leathery foliage.
‘Red Meidiland’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1989)Deep red, single 1- to 2-inch flowers with white centers bloom continually in heavy clusters on plants that grow 1 1/2 feet high and 5 feet wide-dimensions that make them useful as a ground cover. Abundant orange-red hips appear in the fall.
‘Regensberg’ Roses (Floribunda, Introduced – 1979)White at the base, each petal of ‘Regensberg’ rose is brushed with hot to dusty pink in various intensities. The 3-inch flowers have 20 to 25 petals and a sweet apple fragrance. Perfect for borders or containers, ‘Regensberg’ grows only about 2 feet tall and is very compact. This rose is one of the so-called Hand-Painted series of Sam McGredy IV, because each flower on the plant has slightly different shading.
‘Regine’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1989)Hybridized by an amateur, ‘Regine’ rose is a high-centered miniature of soft pink blended with light pink to cream on the reverses of the petals. The 1-inch flowers with 25 petals grow on rounded 14- to 20-inch plants.
‘Reine des Violettes’ Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1860)The 3-inch flowers of this hybrid perpetual are very double, opening rosy purple and fading to violet. The undersides of the petals are lighter and silkier than the velvety upper surfaces. Petals are quartered and surround a button eye. The blossoms are borne singly or in small clusters and bear a strong, complex fragrance. Flowers fade quickly after they have fully matured. Foliage is sparse and silvery green; canes are nearly smooth.
This bushy plant grows tall and spreads wide; hard pruning is necessary to maintain a compact habit. The long, flexible canes can be trained to climb. The rose is particularly attractive grown on walls. This rose requires rich soil to perform at its best.
‘Reve D’Or’ Roses (Noisette, Introduced – 1869)The pendulous, globe-shaped flowers of ‘Reve d’Or’ are buff yellow with a hint of salmon. Flowers become lighter as they age; stamens are dark yellow. The blooms are loosely double and fragrant. Flowering begins in the spring and recurs intermittently throughout the season. In some areas, flowering is best in fall. Leaves are coppery when young, maturing to a glossy, rich green.
Canes bear few prickles. This rose is a vigorous grower, suitable for a warm, sunny spot in the garden. This rose has a climbing habit and is a good choice for training on a wall or pillar. This rose tolerates summer heat and humidity.
‘Rhonda’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1968)Hybridized by an amateur, ‘Rhonda’ rose has clusters of double, slightly fragrant, salmon-pink, 4-inch flowers that bloom repeatedly on vigorous, 8-foot plants over dark green, glossy foliage.
‘Ring of Fire’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1987)Disease-resistant, 16- to 20-inch plants have 1- to 1 1/2-inch flowers of glowing yellow edged with fiery red, making the plants appear orange from a distance. Flowers are high-centered and long lasting when cut.
‘Rise ‘n’ Shine’ Roses (Miniature, Introduced – 1977)The 1 1/2- to 2-inch blossoms of ‘Rise ‘n’ Shine’ rose are a bright, clear yellow, providing a dramatic contrast with foliage that is dark and glossy. The buds are long and pointed and open to high-centered flowers with 35 petals. Blossoms are borne singly or in clusters continuously throughout the summer, with a good repeat. They bear little fragrance. Plants are upright and well branched, forming a short, rounded bush. They are perfect for edgings and containers and can easily be incorporated into beds or borders. They are easy to grow and disease resistant.
‘Robusta’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1979)The 2 1/2-inch single scarlet flowers of ‘Robusta’ rose are borne prolifically throughout the season on this aptly named plant. The blooms are pleasantly scented. Foliage is dense and very handsome, though somewhat coarse. The dark green, leathery, glossy leaves provide a rich foil for the blooms. Thick canes are armed with nail-like prickles.
This vigorous rose has a full, bushy habit. This rose is ideal for use as an impenetrable hedge when plants are spaced 4 feet apart, and it’s a good choice for a specimen shrub or for planting along a fence.
‘Roger Lambelin’ Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1890)The value of ‘Roger Lambelin’ is in the unique color pattern of its repeating double flowers: petals are bright crimson edged and streaked with white, so that blooms appear to be wearing petticoats. As they age, the blooms fade to maroon. Each flower has about 30 fringed, velvety-textured petals. They are extremely fragrant.
This vigorous hybrid perpetual has a full, bushy habit. It is finicky, though, requiring very good soil, and is susceptible to both black spot and mildew. ‘Baron Girod de l’Ain’, a similar rose in this class, has flowers that are a little less richly colored but is a more reliable performer.
‘Rosa Banksiae Banksiae’ Roses (Species, Introduced – 1807)The double white flowers of R. banksiae banksiae appear in profusion in spring and continue for up to 6 weeks. The flowers cover the plant during this period. Each blossom is less than 1 inch across, pure white, and extremely fragrant with the scent of violets. Leaves are long, light green, and shiny, and the canes are nearly thorn-less.
Where it is hardy, this rose is a fast, vigorous grower and is quite long-lived. This rose grows well on a tree, wall, or trellis but may become rampant where the growth is not controlled. The related variety R. banksiae lutea bears pale to deep yellow double flowers and is slightly hardier and less fragrant. Both varieties are known as the Lady Banks’ Rose.
‘Rosa Eglanteria’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1551)R. eglanteria is commonly called the sweetbrier or eglantine rose. Its single blush pink flowers are 2 inches across, with petals surrounding golden stamens. They appear singly or in small clusters in late spring. Bright red hips follow the flowers. The leaves are tough and dark green and are distinctly apple scented, while flowers are sweetly fragrant. Canes bear abundant prickles.
This is a large, vigorous rose with a rambling habit. This rose has become naturalized in North America and can be found growing in pastures. In the garden, plants should be heavily pruned to contain them and to encourage new growth, which is especially fragrant.
‘Rosa Foetida’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1542)Single, bright yellow flowers are 2 to 2 1/2 inches across and bloom once a year on 10-foot plants. The blooms have an almost sickening sweet odor. This rose was the basis of yellow coloring in modern roses, and unfortunately is very prone to black spot.
‘Rosa Foetida Bicolor’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1590)This wild rose also goes by the name’ Austrian Copper’. It is a sport of the yellow species R. foetida. Its 2- to 3-inch flowers are orange to coppery red on the upper surface with a yellow reverse. Occasionally a branch spontaneously reverts to the species, resulting in both yellow and copper-colored flowers on the same bush. Foliage is small, neat, and light green; the prickly canes are chestnut brown.
Plants typically grow 4 to 5 feet with arching canes but can sometimes reach 8 feet. They usually require little pruning to maintain their attractive form. The plants are effective in beds or borders for a colorful spring flower display but should be kept apart from soft, pastel flowers, which do not blend well with the bold tones of this variety. This rose is hardy but susceptible to black spot.
‘Rosa Foetida Persiana’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1837)This rose is similar in all respects to R. foetida except that its flowers are double. This rose is often called the Persian rose.
‘Rosa Hugonis’ Roses (Species, Introduced – 1899)Also called ‘Father Hugo’s Rose’, this rose is one of the first to bloom in late spring. Its masses of single, 2 1/2-inch flowers are sunny yellow; blooming on drooping branches over small, dark green leaves. Because of its 6- to 10-foot height, this rose is best grown as a climber.
‘Rosa Macrantha’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1832)Single, 2- to 3-inch, blush pink flowers bloom once a year and are followed by 3/4-inch, round, dull red hips. Plants grow to 10 feet in height and have upright arching canes as well as canes that grow along the ground; both are thickly covered with blue-green leaves.
‘Rosa Moyesii’ Roses (Species, Introduced – 1894)Single flowers vary in color from light pink to deep rose and deep blood red. They are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches across and are borne singly or in pairs. Flowers bloom once a year, followed by oblong hips that are 2 to 2 1/2 inches long and deep orange-red. The 10-foot-high, arching plants have fine, fern like foliage. Although this rose was discovered in 1894, it is believed to be of ancient origin.
‘Rosa Multiflora’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1810)Although usually grown as an under-stock, this rose is sometimes cultivated for its dense, hedge like growth. Indeed, its growth is so rampant that the planting of this rose is outlawed in some areas. The 3/4-inch white flowers bloom once a year in pyramidal clusters.
‘Rosa Mundi’ Roses (Gallica, Introduced – prior to 1581)’Rosa Mundi’ (R. gallica versicolor) is a sport of ‘Apothecary’s Rose’ (R. gallica officinalis). Its 2- to 3-inch semi-double flowers are spectacularly striped crimson, pink, and deep pink over blush white. Borne singly or in small sprays, the very fragrant flowers open to wide and flattened cups. An occasional branch will revert to the deep-pink-colored flowers of its parent. Red hips appear in late summer. Leaves are a dark matte green, and stems are nearly smooth.
This upright, bushy rose is very hardy and tolerates summer heat and humidity. This rose is useful in beds or borders, and its flowers can be used for indoor arrangements and potpourri. This rose is somewhat prone to mildew.
‘Rosa Pendulina’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1683)Also known as the ‘Alpine Rose’, this rose has single, 2-inch, pink flowers that bloom singly or in small clusters once a year. The red hips are oblong or oval and have an elongated neck. Plants grow 3 feet tall.
‘Rosa Roxburghii’ Roses (Species, Introduced – prior to 1814)Known also as the ‘Chestnut Rose’, this rose has gray branches with shredding bark, and prickly flower buds that look like a chestnut burr. The double, flat flowers are medium lilac pink and 2 to 2 1/2 inches across. Hips are rounded and 1 to 1 1/2 inches across. Plants grow to 6 feet tall, and bloom recurrently throughout the summer.
‘Rosa Rugosa Alba’ Roses (Species, Introduced – 1870)A color sport of R. rugosa, R. rugosa alba produces large single white flowers throughout the summer. Usually borne in clusters, each bloom is 2 1/2 to 4 inches across and bears a strong clove-like fragrance. The flowers are followed by huge orange-red hips that stand out beautifully against the foliage, which turns from bright green to yellow in the fall. Another rugosa sport, R. rugosa rubra, bears magenta-purple flowers and red hips.
This vigorous and spreading rose may outgrow its space unless controlled. This rose is useful in shrub borders, as a hedge, or as a specimen shrub. An easy-to-grow rose, this rose thrives in sandy soil, is an excellent choice for seaside gardens, and is extremely hardy and resistant to diseases and insects.
‘Rose de Meaux’ Roses (Centifolia, Introduced – 1789)This diminutive rose bears medium pink to light rose pompom-type double blooms in summer, with no repeat. The 1 1/2 – inch flowers have frilly petals and are very fragrant. Leaves are also small, in keeping with the overall size of the plant. Canes bear abundant straight prickles.
The plants have an upright, bushy, compact habit. They are useful for small gardens or for tucking into a small space, and are also a good choice for containers. ‘Rose de Meaux’ requires very good soil and can be somewhat temperamental. This rose is prone to black spot.
‘Rose des Peintres’ Roses (Centifolia, Introduced – prior to 1838)Another shrub that takes well to being trained on a pillar or fence, ‘Rose des Peintres’ bears very double (200 petals), fragrant, bright pink blooms, often with button-eye centers. As is true of so many of the older roses, the blossoms of ‘Rose des Peintres’ have a memorable perfume. The name, which translates as “rose of the painters”, refers to the fact that portraits of this flower frequently appeared in 18th-century Dutch paintings, particularly those of Jan van Huysum.
Though somewhat more sensitive to cold than ‘Centifolia Variegata’, this rose is also a safe bet for cold northern gardens.
‘Rose de Rescht’ Roses (Damask, Introduced – 1940)Unlike its once-blooming relatives, this damask not only bears a large flush of flowers in late spring or early summer but also repeats with another surge of intensely perfumed flowers in fall. Opening fuchsia-crimson, the blossoms fade as they age to a soft lilac. The re-blooming habit, combined with the compact size of the shrub and the old-fashioned charm of the flowers, makes ‘Rose de Rescht’ an unusual and useful rose. It’s easy to tuck into tight corners to lend some old-rose charm to a small garden, and it furnishes a distinctive and appealing planting for a container, too.
‘Rose du Roi’ Roses (Portland, Introduced – 1815)The double flowers of ‘Rose du Roi’ are bright red mottled with violet and purple. Each loosely arranged bloom is 2 1/2 inches across and is rich in fragrance. Flowers appear abundantly in mid-season and repeat well. Foliage is pointed, small, and dark green.
Plants are short and spreading with a somewhat straggly form. They provide a long season of heavily perfumed blooms in beds and borders, and are particularly well suited to smaller gardens. ‘Rose du Roi’ is disease resistant and winter-hardy.
‘Rosenstadt Zweibrücken’ Roses (Shrub, Introduced – 1989)For four generations, Kordes family has been breeding prizewinning roses that have been favorites among European gardeners. ‘Rosenstadt Zweibrücken’ is a particularly easy one to like. Many of the Kordesii shrubs are sprawling plants, but this cultivar is compact, almost a dwarf; and perfectly suited to smaller gardens or for inclusion in a mixed border. ‘Rosenstadt Zweibrücken’ rose bears almost single coral-red blooms with yellow centers punctuated by brilliant red stamens.
‘Roseraie De L’Hay’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1901)The long, pointed, scrolled buds of ‘Roseraie de L’Hay’ open to deep crimson blossoms with cream-colored stamens and age to a magenta pink. Flowers are 4 1/2 to 5 inches across and semi-double, with loosely arranged, folded petals. The blooms are very fragrant. Few hips are produced. Foliage is dense and apple green, with vibrant color in the fall.
Like other hybrid rugosa roses, this vigorous rose is a tough plant with good disease resistance, and it tolerates a wide range of soils and seaside conditions. Its repeating blooms and attractive foliage make it an excellent choice for mixed shrub plantings or hedges.
‘Rotes Meer’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1984)Whether as ‘Rotes Meer’ or ‘Purple Pavement’, this new rugosa is winning an increasing following. It refutes a long-standing criticism of the rugosa hybrids that however hardy they might be, they are simply too large to fit into smaller gardens or even the more intimate areas of larger landscapes. ‘Rotes Meer’, however, makes a dense, neat dome just 3 ft (0.9m) high and wide and is compact enough for even a postage-stamp garden. This rose serves equally well as a border accent, a compact landscape shrub, or material for a low hedge. The foliage is dean and crisp, and the fragrant, double, deep violet-crimson flowers with contrasting golden stamens are borne more or less continuously throughout the summer and into the fall. Indeed, its autumn display may be its most remarkable, for new flowers continue to open even as the red hips fatten and ripen.
‘Royal Gold’ Roses (Climber, Introduced – 1957)Deep golden yellow, nonfading flowers are moderately fragrant, blooming heavily at the start of the season and then repeating sporadically. The 4-inch, cup-shaped flowers have 35 petals and bloom singly or in small clusters. Stiff, compact plants grow 5- to 10- feet high.
‘Royal Highness’ Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1962)A delicate, stately, pale pink rose with slender buds and narrow; high-centered flowers, ”has 40 to 45 petals and is 4 to 5 inches across when fully open. The wonderfully fragrant flowers grow on plants 4 to 5 feet high. ‘Royal Highness’ rose has reigned supreme for many years even though it is very tender in cold winters.
‘Rugosa Magnifica’ Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced – 1905)The deep red-purple to lavender petals of repeat-blooming ‘Rugosa Magnifica’ rose surround golden yellow stamens. The fragrant blooms are double and are followed by abundant large orange-red hips. Foliage is dense.
This shrub is a very vigorous grower with a wide-spreading habit. This rose is good in mixed-shrub plantings, as a specimen, or as a hedge. Like other hybrid rugosas, this rose is extremely hardy and disease resistant, adapts to a wide range of soils, and tolerates seaside conditions.
‘Royal Sunset’ Roses (Rambler, Introduced – 1960)High-centered or cup-shaped, 4 1/2- to 5-inch flowers are fragrant and deep apricot, fading to light peach in summer heat. Repeat-blooming flowers have 20 petals. Leathery foliage is coppery green, disease resistant, and somewhat tender. Stiff plants grow about 6- feet high.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s